Two Nations, Indivisible: A History of American Inequality. The Complete Bibliography


Aldrich, Mark. Death Rode the Rails: American Railroad Accidents and Safety, 1828–1965. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2007.

Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press, 2010.

Allard, Scott W. “The Changing Face of Welfare under the Bush Administration.” Publius: The Journal of Federalism vol. 37 no. 3 (2007): 304–332.

Alridge, Derrick P. “Of Victorianism, Civilizationism, and Progressivism: The Educational Ideas of Anna Julia Cooper and W.E.B. Du Bois, 1892–1940.” History of Education Quarterly vol. 47 no. 4 (Winter 2007): 416–446.

Alstott, Anne, and Bruce Ackerman. The Stakeholder Society. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.

Alter, Jonathan. The Defining Moment FDR’s Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2006.

Amenta, Edwin, Kathleen Dunleavy, and Mary Bernstein. “Stolen Thunder? Huey Long’s ‘Share Our Wealth,’ Political Mediation, and the Second New Deal.” American Sociological Review vol. 59 no. 5 (Oct., 1994): 678–702.

Anbinder, Tyler. “Which Poor Man’s Fight? Immigrants and the Federal Conscription of 1863.” Civil War History vol. 52 no. 4 (2006): 344–372.

Anderson, Bernard. “Robert Browne and Full Employment.” Review of Black Political Economy vol. 35 (2008): 91–101.

Argyle, Ray. “The Last Utopians.” Beaver, vol. 87 no. 5 (Oct/Nov 2007): 42–46.

Asen, Robert. “Nixon’s Welfare Reform: Enacting Historical Contradictions of Poverty Discourses.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs vol. 4 no. 2 (Summer 2001): 261–279.

Auerbach, Jerold S. “Southern Tenant Farmers: Socialist Critics of the New Deal.” Arkansas Historical Quarterly vol. 27 no. 2 (1968): 3–18.

Avery, Dianne. “The Daughters of Job: Property Rights and Women’s Lives in Mid-Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts.” Law and History Review vol. 10 no. 2 (1992): 323–357.

Bailey, Martha J., and Nicolas J. Duquette. “How Johnson Fought the War on Poverty: The Economics and Politics of Funding at the Office of Economic Opportunity.” Journal of Economic History vol. 74 no. 2 (June 2014): 351–388.

Bak, Hans, F. L. van Holthoon, and Hans Krabbendam, eds. Social and Secure? The Politics and Culture of the Welfare State. Amsterdam: VU University Press, 1996.

Ballmer, Randall. “An End to Unjust Inequality in the World.” Church History and Religious Culture vol. 94 no. 4 (2014): 505–530.

Baptist, Edward. The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism. New York: Basic Books, 2014.

Barreyre, Nicolas. “The Politics of Economic Crises: The Panic of 1873, the End of Reconstruction, and the Realignment of American Politics.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 10 no. 4 (2011): 403–423.

Bartels, Larry M. “Federal Government Activism and the Political Response: Political Effects of the Great Recession.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences vol. 650 no. 47 (2013): 47–75.

Bartels, Larry. “A Tale of Two Tax Cuts, a Wage Squeeze and a Tax Credit.” National Tax Journal vol. 49 no. 3 (2006): 403–423.

Barth, James R., and Apanard Penny Prabha. “An Analysis of Resolving Too-Big-To-Fail Banks throughout the United States.” The Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy vol. 44 no. 1 (2014): 1–19.

Basch, Norma. “Equity vs. Equality: Emerging Concepts of Women’s Political Status in the Age of Jackson.” Journal of the Early Republic vol. 3 no. 3 (1983): 297–318.

Basu, Depankar. “The Reserve Army of Labor in the Postwar U.S. Economy.” Science and Society vol. 77 no. 2 (2013): 179–201.

Bateman, Bradley W. “Clearing the Ground: The Demise of the Social Gospel Movement and the Rise of Neoclassicism in American Economics.” History of Political Economy vol. 30 (1998): 29–52.

Bates, Stephen. “Levelling Leviathans.” Wilson Quarterly vol. 37 no. 3 (Summer 2013): 10–12.

Bauerlein, Mark. “Washington, DuBois, and the Black Future.” The Wilson Quarterly vol. 28 no. 4 (Autumn 2004): 74–86.

Bear, Laura. “Capital and time: uncertainty and qualitative measures of inequality.” British Journal of Sociology vol. 65 no. 4 (2014): 639–649.

Bellamy, Edward. Looking Backward. New York: Penguin Classics, 1982.

Bender, Daniel. “Perils of Degeneration: Reform, the Savage Immigrant, and the Survival of the Unfit.” Journal of Social History vol. 42 no. 1 (2008): 5–29.

Benen, Steve. “Political Animal.” Washington Monthly, November 30, 2010, at, last accessed October 1, 2014.

Bergin, Paul R., Robert C. Feenstra, and Gordon H. Hanson. “Offshoring and Volatility: Evidence from Mexico’s Maquiladora Industry.” American Economic Review vol. 99 no. 4 (2008): 1664–2671.

Berinsky, Adam J. “Silent Voices: Social Welfare Policy Opinions and Political Equality in America.” American Journal of Political Science vol. 46 no. 2 (April 2002): 276–287.

Bernstein, Iver. The New York City Draft Riots. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Berthoff, Rowland. “Conventional Mentality: Free Blacks, Women, and Business Corporations as Unequal Persons, 1820–1870.” Journal of American History vol. 76 no. 3 (1989): 753–784.

Besharov, Douglas J., and Peter Germanis. “Welfare Reform: Four Years Later.” Public Interest vol. 140 (2000): 17–38.

Blake, Fay M. “Upton Sinclair’s EPIC Campaign.” California History vol. 63 no. 4 (1984): 305–312.

Blank, Rebecca. “What Drives American Competitiveness?” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science vol. 663 (2016) 8–29.

Bloodworth, Jeff. “‘The Program for Better Jobs and Income’: Welfare Reform, Liberalism, and the Failed Presidency of Jimmy Carter.” International Social Science Review vol. 82 no. 3–4 (2006): 135–150.

Bloome, Deirdre, and Bruce Western. “Cohort Change and Racial Differences in Educational and Income Mobility.” Social Forces vol. 90 no. 2 (2011): 375–395.

Bogenschneider, Bret N. “Income Inequality and Regressive Taxation in the United States.” Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics and Business Law vol. 4 no. 3 (2015): 8–28.

Boisson, Steve. “When America Sent her Own Packing.” American History vol. 41 no. 4 (2006): 20–27.

Bourgeois, Philippe. “Crack and the Political Economy of Suffering.” Addiction Research and Theory vol. 11 no. 1 (2003): 31–37.

Boydston, Jeanne. Home and Work: Housework, Wage and the Ideology of Labor in the Early Republic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.

Boyle, Kevin. “Why is there no Social Democracy in America?” International Labor and Working-Class History no. 74 (Fall 2008): 33–37.

Brandes, George. Anatole France. London: William Heinemann, 1908.

Branscombe, James. “The TVA: It Ain’t what it Used to Be.” American Heritage vol. 28 no. 2 (1977): 69–78.

Brauer, Carl M. “Kennedy, Johnson and the War on Poverty.” Journal of American History vol. 69 no. 1 (June 1982): 98–119.

Brewer, Rose M. “21st-Century Capitalism, Austerity, and Black Economic Dispossession.” Souls: A Critical Journal of Black Politics, Culture and Society vol. 14 no. 3–4 (2012): 227–239.

Brinkley, Alan. “The Debate over the Constitutional Revolution of 1937.” American Historical Review vol. 110 no. 4 (2005): 1046–1051.

Brinkley, Alan. “Huey Long, the Share-Our-Wealth Movement, and the Limits of Depression Dissidence.” Louisiana History vol. 22 no. 2 (1981): 117–134.

Broadbent, Edward, ed. Democratic Equality: What Went Wrong? Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2001.

Bronstein, Jamie L. Land Reform and Working-Class Experience in Britain and the United States, 1800–1862. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1999.

Brown, Michael K. “Bargaining for Social Rights: Unions and the Reemergence of Welfare Capitalism, 1945–1952.” Political Science Quarterly vol. 112 no. 4 (1997): 645–672.

Brownson, Orestes. The Labouring Classes: An Article from the Boston Quarterly Review. Boston: Benjamin Greene, 1840.

Brundage, W. F., ed. Up From Slavery: A Brief History with Documents. New York: Bedford Books, 2002.

Bushman, Richard. The Refinement of America: Persons, Houses, Cities. New York: Vintage Books, 1993.

Caraley, Demetrios James. “Ending Welfare as We Know It: A Reform Still in Progress.” Political Science Quarterly vol. 116 no. 4 (2001–2): 525–559.

Carcasson, Martin. “’Ending Welfare as we know it’: President Clinton and the Rhetorical Transformation of Welfare Culture.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs vol. 9 no. 4 (2006): 655–692.

Carey, Patrick. “Christian Socialism in the Early Brownson.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Pennsylvania vol. 99 no. 1 (1988): 17–38.

Carlson, Peter. “Abraham Lincoln Meets Frederick Douglass.” American History vol. 45 no. 6 (2011): 28–29.

Carlson-Thies, Stanley W.  “Implementing the faith-based initiative.” Public Interest vol. 155 (Spring 2004): 57–74.

Carnegie, Andrew. “Wealth.” North American Review vol. 391 (1889), available online at, last accessed October 21, 2015.

Carpenter, Tracey R. “Construction of the Crack Mother Icon.” Western Journal of Black Studies vol. 36 no. 4 (2012): 264–275.

Carwardine, Richard. “The Whig Interpretation of History: A Review Essay.” Journal of Southern History vol. 7 no. 4 (2008): 927–940.

Caudill, Edward. “E. L. Godkin and the Science of Society,” Journalism Quarterly vol. 66 (1989): 57–64.

Caudill, Harry. Night Comes to the Cumberlands. Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1963.

Chetty, Raj, Nathaniel Hendren. Patrick Kline, and Emmanuel Saez. “Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States.” Quarterly Journal of Economics vol. 129 no. 4 (November 2014): 1553–1623.

Chevan, Albert, and Randall Stokes, “Growth in Family Income Inequality, 1970–1990: Industrial Restructuring and Demographic Change.” Demography vol. 37 no. 3 (August 2000): 365–380.

Chin, Aimee. “Long Term Labor-Market Effects of Japanese American Internment during World War II on Working-Age Male Internees.” Journal of Labor Economics vol. 23 no. 3 (2005): 491–525.

Cimbala, Paul. “The Freedmen’s Bureau, The Freedmen, and Sherman’s Grant in Reconstruction Georgia, 1865–1867.” Journal of Southern History vol. 55 no. 4 (1989): 597–632.

Claeys, Gregory. “Paine’s Agrarian Justice and the secularization of natural jurisprudence.” Bulletin of the Society for the Study of Labour History vol. 52 no. 3 (November 1987): 21–31.

Clanton, Gene. “Populism, Progressivism, and Equality: The Kansas Paradigm.” Agricultural History vol. 51 no. 3 (1977): 559–581.

Clark, Christopher. The Roots of Rural Capitalism: Western Massachusetts, 1780–1860. Ithaca:

Cornell University Press, 1990.

Clark, Edward Gordon. “Henry George’s Land Tax” The North American Review, vol. 144 no. 362 (January 1887): 107–110.

Coclanis, Peter A., and Stanley Engermann, “Would Slavery Have Survived without the Civil War? Economic Factors in the American South during the Antebellum and Postbellum Eras.” Southern Cultures vol. 19 no. 2 (Summer 2013): 66–90.

Cogliano, Francis D. Revolutionary America, 1763–1815: A Political History. New York: Routledge, 2000.

Cohen, Lizabeth. Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1990.

Collins, William J., and Marianne H. Wanamaker. “Selection and Economic Gains in the Great Migration of African Americans: New Evidence from Linked Census Data.” National Bureau of Economic Research Papers No. 19124 (June 2013), available online at, last accessed April 29, 2016.

Collins, William L. “Race, Roosevelt and Wartime Production: Fair Employment in World War II Labor Markets.” American Economic Review vol. 91 no. 1 (2001): 272–286.

Collis, Stephen. Dispatches from the Occupation: A History of Change. Vancouver: Talonbooks, 2012.

Comiskey, Michael. “The Promise and Performance of Reaganomics.” Polity vol. 20 no. 2 (1987): 316–331.

Coontz, Stephanie, ed. American Families: A Multicultural Reader. New York, Routledge, 1999.

Cooper, Melinda. “Workfare, Familyfare, Godfare: Transforming Contingency into Necessity.” The South Atlantic Quarterly vol. 111 no. 4 (2012) 643–661.

Cowie, Jefferson, and Nick Salvatore. “The Long Exception: Rethinking the Place of the New Deal in American History.” International Labor and Working-Class History No. 74 (Fall 2008): 3–32.

Crafton, William. “The Incremental Revolution: Ronald Reagan and Welfare Reform in the 1970s.” Journal of Policy Studies vol. 26 no. 1 (2014): 27–47.

Croly, Herbert. Promise of American Life. New York: Capricorn, 1964.

Crowe, Justin. “The Forging of Judicial Autonomy: Political Entrepreneurship and the Reforms of William Howard Taft.” Journal of Politics vol. 69 no. 1 (2007): 73–87.

Cutler, David M. “A Guide to Health Care Reform.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 8 no. 3 (1994): 13–29.

Cynamon, Barry Z., and Steven M. Fazzari. “Inequality, the Great Recession, and Slow Recovery.” Institute for New Economic Thinking, Working Group on the Political Economy of Distribution, Working Paper No. 1 (October 2014): 1–41, available online at, last accessed April 27, 2016.

Dallek, Robert. “Medicare’s Complicated Birth.” American Heritage vol. 60 no. 2 (2010): 28.

Davis, David Brion. “American Equality and Foreign Revolutions.” Journal of American History vol. 76 no. 3 (December 1989): 730–752.

Davis, Derek H. “President Bush’s Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives: Boon or Boondoggle?” Journal of Church and State vol. 43 no. 3 (2001): 411–423.

Davis, Otto A. “The Senate Defeat of the Family Assistance Plan.” Public Policy vol. 22 no. 3 (1974): 245–273.

Dawsey, James M. “Henry George and the Economic Fruits of a Good Society.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol. 74, No. 1 (January 2015): 63–92.

Dean, Amy. “Occupy Wall Street: A Protest against the Broken Economic Compact.” Harvard International Review vol. 33 no. 4 (Spring 2012): 12–15.

Dechter, Aimee, and Glen H. Elder Jr. “World War II Mobilization in Men’s Work Lives: Continuity or Disruption for the Middle Class?” American Journal of Sociology vol. 110 no. 3 (September 2004): 761–793.

“Declaration of the Rights of Man.” August 26, 1789, available online at, last accessed July 21, 2015.

Deen, Phillip. “John Atkinson Hobson and the Roots of John Dewey’s Economic Thought.” European Journal of the History of Economic Thought vol. 20 no. 4 (2013): 646–665.

Deichmann, Wendy J. “The Social Gospel as Grassroots Movement.” Church History vol. 84 no. 1 (March 2015): 203–206.

Dellums, Ronald V. “Welfare State vs. Warfare State: The Legislative Struggle for Full Employment.” Urban League Review vol. 10 no. 1 (1986): 49–60.

Depew, Briggs, Price V. Fishback, and Paul W. Rhode. “New deal or no deal in the Cotton South: The effect of the AAA on the agricultural labor structure.” Explorations in Economic History vol. 50 (2013): 466–486.

Derickson, Alan. “’Take Health from the List of Luxuries’: Labor and the Right to Health Care, 1915–1949” Labor History vol. 41 no. 2 (2000): 171–187.

De Tocqueville, Alexis. Democracy in America (1835), available online at, last accessed February 6, 2016.

Dionne, E. J. Jr. “A New Progressive Era.” National Civic Review vol. 87 no. 1 (1998): 5–36.

Disraeli, Benjamin. Sybil: Or the Two Nations. Aylesbury: Penguin Books, 1981.

Dolan, Chris J. “In his Shadow: The Impact of the Reagan Economic Regime and Institutional Structure on the Bush Administrations.” White House Studies vol. 7 no. 3 (2007): 235–250.

Dorrien, Gary. “The Case against Wall Street.” Christian Century, November 15, 2011, 22–29.

Downey, Liam. “The Unintended Significance of Race: Environmental Racial Inequality in Detroit.” Social Forces vol. 83 no. 3 (2005): 971–1008.

Dublin, Thomas. Women at Work. New York: Columbia University Press, 1979.

“Editorial Perspectives: On the Self-Interest of the Capitalist Ruling Class.” Science and Society vol. 77 no. 1 (2013): 3–9.

Eggert, Gerald G. “Gunfire and Brickbats: The Great Railway Strike of 1877.” American History Illustrated vol. 16 no. 2 (1981): 16–25.

Eichengreen, Barry. “Did International Economic Forces Cause the Great Depression?” Contemporary Policy Issues vol. 6 no. 2 (April 1988): 90–114.

Ellis, Richard J. “Rival Visions of Equality in American Political Culture.” Review of Politics (2001): 253–280.

Engermann, Stanley L.  “Some Considerations Relating to Property Rights in Man.” Journal of Economic History vol. 33 no. 1 (1973): 43–65.

Enyeart, John P. “Revolution or Evolution: The Socialist Party, Western Worker, and Law in the Progressive Era.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 2 no. 4 (2003): 377–402.

Evans, Paul. “The Effects of General Price Controls in the United States during World War II.” Journal of Political Economy vol. 90 no. 5 (1982): 944–966.

Evera, Steve. “The Family Assistance Plan: 40 Acres and a Mule?” New South (Fall 1971): 70–74.

Fallows, James. “Washington and the Contract with America.” The Atlantic (1994): available online at, last accessed November 2, 2015.

Feenstra, Robert C. “Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy.”  Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 12 no. 4 (1988): 31–50.

Feldman, Stanley, and John Zaller. “The Political Culture of Ambivalence: Ideological Responses to the Welfare State.” American Journal of Political Science vol. 36 no. 1 (Feb. 1992): 268–307.

Fitzhugh, George. Cannibals All! Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Flanagan, Maureen A. America Reformed: Progressives and Progressivisms, 1890s–1920s. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Ford, Paul Leicester, ed. Pamphlets on the Constitution of the United States. New York: n.p., 1888.

Formicola, Jo Renee, and Mary Segers. “The Bush Faith-Based Initiative: The Catholic Response.” Journal of Church and State vol. 44 no. 4 (Autumn 2002): 693–715.

Frank, Mark W.  “Inequality and Growth in the United States: Evidence from a New State-Level Panel of Income Inequality Measures.” Economic Inquiry vol. 47 no. 1 (2009): 55–68.

Frankel, Charles. “The New Egalitarianism and the Old.” Commentary vol. 56 no. 3 (1973): 34–61.

Franklin, John Hope. “Edward Bellamy and the Nationalist Movement.” New England Quarterly vol. 11 no. 4 (December 1938): 739–772.

Fraser, Nancy, and Linda Gordon. “A Genealogy of Dependency: Tracing a Keyword of the U.S. Welfare State.” Signs vol. 19 no. 2 (1994): 309–336.

Fraser, Steve. The Age of Acquiescence: The Life and Death of American Resistance to Organized Wealth and Power. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2015.

Frederick, Richard G. William H. Taft. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2010.

Free Enquirer. New York, 1830–1834.

Freeman, Richard. “Failing the Test? “The Flexible US Job Market in the Great Recession.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science vol. 650 (2013): 78–97.

Friedman, Sora H. “Planned Communities of the New Deal.” Communal Studies vol. 26 no. 2 (2006): 99–120.

Fryer Jr., Ronald G., Paul S. Heaton, Steven D. Levitt, and Kevin M. Murphy, “Measuring Crack Cocaine and its Impact.” Economic Inquiry vol. 51 no. 3 (January 2013): 1651–1681.

Gamson, David A. “District Progressivism: Rethinking Reform in Urban School Systems, 1900–1928.” Paedagogica Historica vol. 3 no. 4 (2003): 417–434.

Garrison, Jim. “Individuality, Equality, and Creative Democracy—the Task before Us.” American Journal of Education vol. 118 (May 2012): 369–379.

Gaydowski, J. D. “Eight Letters to the Editor: The Genesis of the Townsend National Recovery Plan.” Southern California Quarterly vol. 52 no. 4 (1970): 365–382.

Geisst, Charles R. “The Great Recession.” Financial History vol. 104 (Fall 2012): 37–38.

Gendzel, Glen. “What the Progressives had in Common.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 10 (2011): 331–339.

George, Henry. Progress and Poverty. New York: Robert Schalkenbach Foundation, 1990.

Gerber, Larry. “The National Industrial Recovery Act in Comparative Perspective: Organized Labor’s Role in American and British Efforts at Industrial Planning, 1929–1933.” Journal of Policy History vol. 6 no. 4 (1994): 403–438.

German Jr., “The Taft Administration and the Sherman Antitrust Act,” Mid-America vol. 54 no. 3 (1972): 172–186.

Gereneser, Steven. “The Corporate Person and Democratic Politics.” Political Research Quarterly vol. 58 no. 4 (2005): 625–635.

Gilje, Paul. The Road to Mobocracy: Popular Disorder in New York City, 1763–1834. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1987.

Gilman, Nicholas P. “’Nationalism’” in the United States.” Quarterly Journal of Economics vol. 4 (October 1889): 50–76.

Ginsburg, Helen Lachs. “Historical Amnesia: The Humphrey-Hawkins Act, Full

Employment and Employment as a Right.” Review of Black Political Economy 39 (2012): 121–136.

Gitelman, H. M. “Welfare Capitalism Reconsidered.” Labor History vol. 33 no. 1 (1992): 5–31.

Gitterman, Daniel P. “Making the New Deal Stick: The Minimum Wage and American Political History.” Journal of the Historical Society vol. 12 no. 1 (March 2012): 47–78.

Grosse, Scott D. “On the Alleged Antebellum Surge in Wage Differentials: A Critique of Williamson and Lindert.” Journal of Economic History vol. 42 no. 2 (June 1982): 413–418.

Goebel, Thomas. “The Political Economy of American Populism: From Jackson to the New Deal.” Studies in American Political Development vol. 11 no. 1 (1997): 109–148.

Goldin, Claudia, and Claudia Olivetti. “Shocking Labor Supply: A Reassessment of the Role of World War II on Women’s Labor Supply.” American Economic Review: Papers and Proceedings vol. 103 no. 3 (2013): 257–262.

Goldin, Claudia, and Robert A. Margo. “The Great Compression: The Wage Structure in the United States at Mid-Century.” Quarterly Journal of Economics vol. 107 no. 1 (February 1992): 1–34.

Goodwyn, Lawrence. The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America. New York: Oxford University Press, 1978.

Gottschalk, Peter. “Inequality, Income Growth, and Mobility: The Basic Facts.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 11 no. 2 (1997): 21–40.

Gourevitch, Alex. “William Manning and the Political Theory of the Dependent Classes.” Modern Intellectual History vol. 9 no. 2 (2012): 331–360.

Graefe, Deborah Roempke, and Daniel T. Lichter. “Marriage Patterns Among Unwed Mothers: Before and After PRWORA.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management vol. 27 no. 3 (2008): 479–497.

Graham, George G. “WIC: A Food Program that Fails.” The Public Interest vol. 103 (1991): 66–75.

Green, Jeffrey Edward. “Rawls and the Forgotten Figure of the Most Advantaged: In Defense of Reasonable Envy toward the Superrich.” American Political Science Review vol. 107 no. 1 (February 2013): 123–138.

Greenberg, Joshua. “’Powerful—Very Powerful Is the Parental Feeling’: Fatherhood, Domestic Politics, and the New York City Working Men’s Party,” Early American Studies, an Interdisciplinary Journal vol. 2 no. 1 (2004): 192–227.

Greene, James M. “Ethan Allan and Daniel Shays: Contrasting Models of Political Representation in the Early Republic.” Early American Literature vol. 48 no. 1 (2013): 125–151.

Greene, Julie. Pure and Simple Politics: The American Federation of Labor and Political Activism, 1881–1917. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Grimsted, David. American Mobbing, 1828–1861: Toward Civil War. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Gross, Bertram. “Job Rights Under Capitalism,” Social Policy vol. 5 no. 6 (1975): 20–33.

Guardian. Manchester, UK, 2015.

Guzda, Henry P. “Frances Perkins’ Interest in the New Deal for Blacks.” Monthly Labor Review vol. 103 no. 4 (April 1980): 31–35.

Hahn, Stephen, and Jonathan Prude, eds. The Countryside in the Age of Capitalist Transformation. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1985.

Haines, Michael R. “Growing Incomes, Shrinking People—Can Economic Development Be Hazardous to your Health?” Social Science History vol. 28 no. 2 (2004): 249–270.

Hallgrimsdottir, Helga Kristin, and Cecelia Benoit. “From Wage Slaves to Wage Workers: Cultural Opportunity Structures and the Evolution of the Wage Demands of the Knights of Labor and the American Federation of Labor, 1880–1900.” Social Forces vol. 85 no. 3 (March 2007): 1393–1411.

Hammer v. Dagenhart 247 US 251 (1918).

Handlin, Lillian, and Oscar Handlin. “America and its Discontents: A Great Society Legacy.” American Scholar 64 (1995): 15–37.

Hanne, Daniel. “’Ham and Eggs’ Left and Right: The California Scrip Pension Initiatives of 1938 and 1939.” Southern California Quarterly vol. 80 no. 2 (1998): 183–230.

Harrington, Michael. “How to Reshape America’s Economy.” Dissent vol. 23 no. 2 (1976): 119–123.

Harrington, Michael. The Other America: Poverty in the United States (New York: Macmillan, 1963.

Harris, Ben. “Arnold Gesell’s Progressive Vision: Child Hygiene, Socialism and Eugenics.” History of Psychology vol. 14 no. 3 (2011): 311–334.

Hartman, Matthew. “Utopian Evolution: The Sentimental Critique of Social Darwinism in Bellamy and Peirce.” Utopian Studies vol. 10 no. 1 (1999): 26–41.

Hashemzadeh, Nozar. “The Effects of Bush’s Tax Cuts on Income Distribution and Economic Growth in the United States.” Perspectives and Problems in Management vol. 3 (2004): 111–120.

Haskins, Ron. “Moynihan was Right: Now What?” Annals of the American Academy of Political Science vol. 621 no. 1 (January 2009): 281–314.

Hazirjian, Lisa Gayle. “Combating NEED: Urban Conflict and the Transformations of the War on Poverty and the African American Freedom Struggle in Rocky Mount, North Carolina.” Journal of Urban History vol. 34 no. 4 (May 2008): 639–664.

Hecht, Roger W. “’Rouse, Ye Anti-Renters: Poetry and Politics in the Anti-Rent Press.” Hudson River Valley Review vol. 28 no. 2 (Spring 2012): 1–22.

Hershberg, Theodore. “Free Blacks in Antebellum Philadelphia: A Study of Ex-Slaves, Freeborn, and Socioeconomic Decline.” Journal of Social History vol. 5 no. 2 (1971): 183–209.

Higbie, Toby. “Crossing Class Boundaries: Tramp Ethnographers and Narratives of Class.” Social Science History vol. 21 no. 4 (Winter 1997): 559–592.

Higgs, Robert. “Wartime Prosperity? A Reassessment of the U.S. Economy in the 1940s.” Journal of Economic History, vol. 52 no. 1 (Mar., 1992): 41–60.

Hild, Matthew. “The Knights of Labor and the Third-Party Movement in Texas 1886–1896.” Southwestern Historical Quarterly vol. 119 no. 1 (2015): 24–43.

Hirano Shigeo, and James M. Snyder, Jr. “The Decline of Third-Party Voting in the United States.” Journal of Politics vol. 69 no. 1 (2007): 1–16.

Hobbes, Thomas. Leviathan (1651), available online at, last accessed July 29, 2015.

Horowitz, David A. “Senator Borah’s Crusade to Save Small Business from the New Deal.” Historian vol. 55 no. 4 (1993): 693–708.

Horowitz, Irving. From the New Deal to the New Federalism: Presidential Ideology in the U.S. from 1932 to 1987.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 42 no. 2 (April 1983): 129–148.

Hoschchild, Jennifer. What’s Fair? American Beliefs about Distributive Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1981.

Houseman, Susan, Christopher Kurz, Paul Lengerman, and Benjamin Mandel, “Offshoring Bias in U.S. Manufacturing.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 25 no. 1 (Spring 2011): 111–132.

Hurst, Allison L. “Languages of Class in US Party Platforms, 1880–1936.” Journal of Historical Sociology vol. 23 no. 4 (2010): 542–569.

Huston, James L. “An Alternative to the Tragic Era: Applying the Virtues of Bureaucracy to the Reconstruction Dilemma,” Civil War History vol. 51 no. 4 (2005): 403–415.

Huston, James L. Securing the Fruits of Labor: The American Concept of Wealth Distribution, 1765–1900. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1998.

Huston, Reeve. “The Parties and ‘The People’: The New York Anti-Rent Wars and the Contours of Jacksonian Politics.” Journal of the Early Republic vol. 20 no. 2 (2000): 241–271.

Huyssen, David. Progressive Inequality: Rich and Poor in New York, 1890–1920. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Inkster, Ian. “Henry George, Protectionism and the Welfare of the Working Class.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 49 no. 3 (1990): 375–384.

Jasanoff, Maya. Liberty’s Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2012.

Jeansonne, Glen. “The Apotheosis of Huey Long.” Biography vol. 12 no. 4 (1989): 283–301.

Jeansonne, Glen. “Gerald L.K. Smith and the ‘Share Our Wealth’ Movement.” Red River Valley Historical Review vol.3 no. 3 (1978): 52–65.

Jefferson, Thomas. Notes on the State of Virginia (1782) available online at, last accessed July 21, 2015.

Jensen, Richard J.  “The Causes and Cures of Unemployment in the Great Depression.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History vol. 19 no. 4 (1989): 553–583, at 562.

Johnson, Lyndon B. “State of the Union Address.” January 8, 1964, available online at, last accessed January 7, 2016.

Johnson, Paul. A Shopkeeper’s Millennium: Society and Revivals in Rochester, New York, 1815–1837. New York: Hill and Wang, 2004.

Jones, David K., Katharine W. V. Bradley, and Jonathan Oberlander. “Pascal’s Wager: Health Insurance Exchanges, Obamacare, and the Republican Dilemma.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law Volume 39, Number 1 (2014): 97–137.

Jorgenson, Dale W. “Productivity and Postwar U.S. Economic Growth.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 2 no. 4 (Fall 1988): 23–41.

Kalman, Laura. “The Constitution, the Supreme Court, and the New Deal.” American Historical Review vol. 110 no. 4 (2005): 1052–1080.

Kann, Kenneth. “The Knights of Labor and the Southern Black Worker.” Labor History vol. 18 no 1 (1977): 49–70.

Kantor, Harvey, and Brenda Brenzel. “Urban Education and the ‘Truly Disadvantaged: The Historical Roots of the Contemporary Crisis, 1945–1980.” Teachers College Record vol. 94 no. 2 (1992): 278–314.

Karayiannis, Anastassios D. and Ray Petridis. “Keynes and the Constraints on Policy.” History of Economic Ideas vol. 9 no. 1 (2001): 103–120.

Katz, Andrew. “Congress is Now Mostly a Millionaires Club.” Time, January 9, 2014, at, last accessed January 20, 2015.

Katz, Claudio J. “Syndicalist Liberalism: The Normative Economics of Herbert Croly.” History of Political Thought vol. 22 no. 4 (2001): 669–702.

Katz, Michael B. The Underclass Debate. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993.

Katz, Michael B., Mark J. Stern, and Jamie J. Fader. “Women and the Paradox of Economic Inequality in the Twentieth Century.” Journal of Social History vol. 39 no. 1 (Fall 2005): 65–88.

Katz, Stanley N. “The Strange Birth and Unlikely History of Constitutional Equality.” Journal of American History vol. 75 no. 3 (1988): 747–762.

Katznelson, Ira. “New Deal, Raw Deal.” Souls vol. 8 no. 1 (2006): 8–11.

Kennedy, Susan Estabrook. “Poverty, Respectability, and Ability to Work.” International Journal of Women’s Studies vol. 2 no. 5 (1979):  401–418.

Kessler-Harris, Alice. In Pursuit of Equity: Women, Men and the Quest for Economic Citizenship in 20th-Century America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.

Ketcham, Christopher. “The New Populists.” American Prospect, December 12, 2011, 10–24.

Kim, Jounghee. “Welfare Reform and College Enrollment among Single Mothers.” Social Science Review vol. 86 no. 1 (March 2012): 69–91.

Kirkby, Diane. “‘The Wage-Earning Woman and the State’: The National Women’s Trade Union League and Protective Labor Legislation, 1903–1923.” Labor History vol. 28 no.1 (1987): 54–74.

Kitchens, Carl. “The Role of Publicly Provided Electricity in Economic Development: The Experience of the Tennessee Valley Authority, 1929–1955.” Journal of Economic History vol. 74 no. 2 (June 2014): 389–419.

Knight, Louise. Citizen: Jane Addams and the Struggle for Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Kolchin, Peter. “In Defense of Servitude: American Proslavery and Russian Pro-Serfdom Arguments, 1760–1860.” American Historical Review vol. 85 no. 4 (1980): 809–827.

Kolko, Gabriel. Wealth and Power in America: An Analysis of Social Class and Income Distribution. New York: Praeger, 1962.

Kraig, Robert Alexander. “The 1912 Election and the Rhetorical Foundations of the Liberal State.” Rhetoric and Public Affairs vol. 3 no. 3 (2000): 363–395.

Krome, Frederic. “From Liberal Philosophy to Conservative Ideology? Walter Lippman’s Opposition to the New Deal.” Journal of American Culture vol. 10 no. 1 (1987): 57–64.

Kulikoff, Alan. “Inequality in Boston.” William and Mary Quarterly vol. 28 no. 3 (July 1971): 375–412.

Kumhof, Michael, Romain Ranciere, and Pablo Winant. “Inequality, Leverage, and Crises.” American Economic Review vol. 105 no. 3 (2015): 1217–1245, at 1225.

Kuznets, Simon. “Economic Growth and Income Inequality.” American Economic Review vol. 45 no. 1 (1955): 1–30.

Kwon, Ray. “Does Radical Partisan Politics Affect National Income Distributions? Congressional Polarization and Income Inequality in the United States, 1913–2008.” Social Science Quarterly vol. 96 no. 1 (2015): 49–64.

Lassiter, Matthew D. “Impossible Criminals: The Suburban Imperatives of the War on Drugs.” Journal of American History vol. 102 no. 1 (June 2015): 126–140.

Left, Mark H. “Consensus for Reform: The Mothers’ Pension Movement in the Progressive Era.” Social Service Review vol. 47 no. 3 (1973): 397–417.

Lenkowsky, Leslie. “Welfare Reform and the Liberals.” Commentary vol. 67 no. 3 (1979): 56–61.

Leonard, Thomas C. “Mistaking Eugenics for Social Darwinism: Why Eugenics is Missing from the History of American Economics.” History of Political Economy vol. 1 (2005): 201–233.

Leuchtenberg, William E. “Comment on Laura Kalman’s Article.” American Historical Review vol. 110 no. 4 (2005): 1081–1092.

Leuchtenberg, William. “FDR and the Kingfish.” American Heritage vol. 36 no. 6 (1985): 56–63.

Leuchtenberg, William. “The Nine Justices Respond to the 1937 Crisis.” Journal of Supreme Court History vol. 1 (1997): 55–75.

Levitan, Sar A. “How the Welfare System Promotes Economic Security.” Political Science Quarterly vol. 100 no. 3 (Autumn 1985): 447–459.

Levy, Michael. “Liberal Equality and Inherited Wealth.” Political Theory vol. 11 no. 4 (November 1983): 545–564.

Lewis, David Levering. “The Souls of Black Folk a century hence.” Crisis (March–April 2003): 17–21.

Lexington Herald-Leader. Lexington, KY, 2012.

Lipschultz, Sybil. “Hours and Wages: The Gendering of Labor Standards in America.” Journal of Women’s History vol. 8 no. 1 (1996): 114–136.

Lloyd, Henry Demarest. Wealth against Commonwealth. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963.

Lochner vs. People of the State of New York, 198 US 45 (1905).

Locke, John. Second Treatise on Government (1790), available online at, last accessed July 29, 2015.

Loewenberg, Robert. “John Locke and the Antebellum Defense of Slavery.” Political Theory vol. 13 no. 2 (1985): 266–291.

Long, Jason, and Joseph Ferrie. “Intergenerational Occupational Mobility in Great Britain and the United States since 1850.” American Economic Review vol. 103 no. 4 (2013): 1109–1137.

Los Angeles Times. Los Angeles, CA, 2015.

Lovett, Frank. “Domination and Distributive Justice.” Journal of Politics vol. 71 no. 3 (2009): 817–830.

Luskey, Brian. “Riot and Respectability: The Shifting Terrain of Class Language and Status in Baltimore during the Great Strike of 1877.” American Nineteenth-Century History vol. 4 no. 3 (2003): 61–96.

Lurie, Jonathan. “One Hundred and Twenty-Five Years after Slaughterhouse: Where’s the Beef?” Journal of Supreme Court History vol. 24 no. 3 (2011): 269–281.

Magdoff, Fred, and John Bellamy Foster. “The Plight of the U.S. Working Class.” Monthly Review vol. 65 no. 8 (January 2014): 1–22.

Maher, Neil M. “’Work for others but none for us’: the economic and environmental inequalities of New Deal relief.” Social History vol. 40 no. 3 (2015): 312–334.

Malamud, Margaret. Ancient Rome and Modern America. London: Wiley Blackwell, 2009.

Manley, John F. “American Liberalism and the Democratic Dream: Transcending the American Dream.” Policy Studies Review vol. 10 no. 1 (1990) 89–102.

Margo, Robert. “Explaining Black-White Wage Convergence, 1940–1950.” Industrial and Labor Relations Review vol. 48 no. 4 (1995): 470–481.

Marina, William. “Revolution and Social Change: The American Revolution as a People’s War.” Literature of Liberty: A Review of Contemporary Liberal Thought, vol. 1, no. 2 (April/June 1978):  5–39.

Matthewson, Donald J., and Shelly Arsenault. “Conservatives, Federalism, and the Defense of Inequality.” National Review of Political Science vol. 11 (2007): 335–351.

Mattson, Kevin. “Doing Democracy: An Exploration of Progressive-Era Reform and Its Legacy for American Politics.” National Civic Review vol. 87 no. 4 (1998): 337–346.

McCall, Leslie. The Undeserving Rich: American Beliefs about Inequality, Opportunity and Redistribution. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

McCann, Jr., Charles R. “Apprehending the Social Philosophy of Henry George.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 67 no. 1 (January 2008): 67–88.

McClay, Wilfred M. “Croly’s Progressive America” Public Interest September 1, 1999, 56–72.

McFarland, C. K., and Robert L. Thisthlethwaite. “20 Years of a Successful Labor Paper: The Working Man’s Advocate, 1829–49.” Journalism Quarterly vol. 60 no. 1 (Spring 1983): 35–40.

McGahey, Richard. “The Political Economy of Austerity in the United States,” Social Research vol. 80 no. 3 (Fall 2013): 717–748.

McKittrick, Eric L., ed. Slavery Defended: The Views of the Old South. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1963.

McNown, Robert F. “The Story of the Family Assistance Plan.” Current History vol. 65 no. 384 (1973): 57–86.

McVeigh, Rory, Kraig Beyerlein, Burrell Vann, Jr., and Priyamvada Trivedi. “Educational Segregation, Tea Party Organizations, and Battles over Distributive Justice.” American Sociological Review vol. 79 no. 4 (2014): 630–652.

Merry, Sally Engle. “Inequality and Rights: Commentary on Michael McCann’s ‘The Unbearable Lightness of Rights.’” Law and Society Review vol. 48 no. 2 (2014): 285–295.

Michaelbach, Philip A., John T. Scott, Richard E. Matland, and Brian H. Bornstein. “Doing Rawls Justice: An Experimental Study of Income Distribution Norms.” American Journal of Political Science vol. 47 no. 3 (July 2003): 523–539.

Milanovic, Branko. The Haves and Have-Nots: A Brief and Idiosyncratic History of Global Inequality. New York: Basic Books, 2010.

Miller, David. “Distributive Justice; What the People Think.” Ethics vol. 102 no. 3 (1992): 555–593.

Miller, Melinda C. “Land and Racial Wealth Inequality.” American Economic Review, Papers and Proceedings vol. 101 no. 3 (2011): 371–376.

Miller, Worth Robert, ed., “The Populist Vision: A Roundtable Discussion,” Kansas History: A Journal of the Central Plains vol. 32 (Spring 2008): 18–45.

Miraldi, Robert. “Charles Edward Russell, Chief of the Muckrakers.” Journalism & Mass Communication Monographs 150 (1995): 1–27.

Mitchell, Daniel J. B. “The Lessons of Ham and Eggs: California’s 1938 and 1939 Pension Ballot Propositions.” Southern California Quarterly vol. 82 no. 2 (2000): 193–218.

Mitchell, Daniel J. B. “Townsend and Roosevelt: Lessons from the Struggle for Elderly Income Support.” Labor History vol. 42 no. 3 (2001) 255–276.

Mohai, Paul, and Robin Saha. “Racial Inequality in the Distribution of Hazardous Waste: A National Level Reassessment.” Social Problems vol. 54 no. 3 (2007): 343–370.

Mokyr, Joel, Chris Vickers, and Nicholas L. Ziebarth. “The History of Technological Anxiety and the Future of Economic Growth: Is This Time Different?” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 29 no. 3 (Summer 2015): 31–50.

Montgomery. David.  “George, Henry.” American National Biography Online Feb. 2000, available online at, last accessed Oct 14, 2015.

Morgan, Chad. “Progressive Slaveholders: Planters, Intellectuals, and Georgia’s Antebellum Economic Development.” Georgia Historical Quarterly vol. 86 no. 3 (2002): 398–422.

Morgan, Edmund. “Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox.” Journal of American History vol. 59 no. 1 (1972): 5–29.

Morgan, Iwan. “Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, and the New Democratic Economies.” Historical Journal vol. 47 no. 4 (December 2004): 1015–1039.

Mouw, Ted, and Arne L. Kalleberg. “Occupations and the Structure of Wage Inequality in the United States, 1980 to 2000s.” American Sociological Review vol. 75 no. 3 (2010): 402–431.

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick. The Negro Family: The Case for National Action. US Department of Labor Office of Policy Planning and Research, 1965.

Munoz-Darde, Veronique. “Is the Family to Be Abolished Then?” Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (1999): 37–56.

Murolo, Priscilla, and A. B. Chitty. From the Folks Who Brought You the Weekend. New York: New Press, 2001.

Murray, Charles. A. Losing Ground: American Social Policy, 1950–1980. New York: Basic Books, 1981.

Murray, Charles A. “The Two Wars against Poverty: Economic Growth and the Great Society.” Public Interest vol. 69 no. 3 (1982): 3–16.

Murrin, John. “In the Land of the Free and the Home of the Slave, Maybe there was Room Even for Deference.” Journal of American History vol. 85 no. 1 (1998): 86–91.

Murrow, Edward R. Harvest of Shame. CBS Reports, November 1960, available online at, last accessed January 7, 2016.

Nagel, Alexander Kenneth. “Charitable Choice: The Religious Component of the US Welfare Reform: Theoretical and Methodological Reflections on ‘Faith Based Organizations’ As Social Service Agencies.” Numen vol. 53 (2006): 78–111.

Nelson, Scott Reynolds. “A Financial Crisis in Prints and Cartoons.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 10 no. 4 (2011): 425–433.

Nelson, Scott Reynolds. “A Storm of Cheap Goods: New American Commodities and the Panic of 1873.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 10 no. 4 (2011) 447–453.

New-England Galaxy and United States Literary Advertiser. Boston, 1825.

The New-York Morning Herald. New York, 1830.

New York Sentinel and Working Man’s Advocate. New York, 1830.

New York Times. New York, 1976–2016.

New York State Legislature, ed. Revolutionary Radicalism: Report of the Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities. Albany: JB Lyon, 1920.

Ngai, Mae. Impossible Subjects: Illegal Aliens and the Making of Modern America. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Nozick, Robert. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. New York: Basic Books, 1974.

O’Connor, Brendan. “Policies, Principles, and Polls: Bill Clinton’s Third Way Welfare Policies, 1992–1996.” Australian Journal of Politics and History vol. 48 no. 13 (2002): 396–411.

O’Donnell, Heather A. “The Impact of Slavery on Racial Inequality in Poverty in the Contemporary US South.” Social Forces vol. 90 no. 3 (2012): 713–734.

Oestreicher, Richard. “A Note on Knights of Labor Membership Statistics.” Labor History vol. 25 no. 1 (1984): 102–108.

O’Neill, Karen M. “Why the TVA Remains Unique: Interest Groups and the Defeat of New Deal River Planning.” Rural Sociology vol. 67 no. 2 (2002): 163–82.

O’Rourke, P. J. “Are the Peasants Revolting? Occupy Wall Street Takes on the World.” World Affairs (January–February 2012): 6–14.

Ozarow, Daniel. “Pitching for each other’s teams: The North American Free Trade Agreement and Labor Transnationalism.” Labor History vol. 54 no. 5 (2013): 512–526.

Page, Benjamin, and Larry Jacobs. Class War? What Americans Really Think About Economic Inequality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Paine, Thomas. Agrarian Justice (1795), available online at, last accessed July 23, 2015.

Pargas, Damian Alan. “’Various Means of Providing for their Own Tables’: Comparing the Slave Family Economies in the Antebellum South.” American Nineteenth-Century History vol. 7 no. 3 (September 2006): 361–387.

Peltzman, Sam. “Mortality Inequality.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 23 no. 4 (Fall 2009): 175–190.

Perrin, Andrew J., Stephen Tepper, Neal Caren, and Sally Morris, “Political and Cultural Dimensions of Tea Party Support, 2009–2012,” Sociological Quarterly vol. 55 (2014): 625–652.

Pessen, Edward. “On a Recent Cliometric Attempt to Resurrect the Myth of Antebellum Egalitarianism.” Social Science History vol. 3 no. 2 (1979): 208–227.

Pessen, Edward. “The Beleaguered Myth of Antebellum Egalitarianism: Cliometrics and Surmise to the Rescue.” Social Science History vol. 6 no. 1 (1982): 111–128.

Pestana, Carla Gardina, and Sharon V. Salinger, eds. Inequality in Early America. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1999.

Pezzarozzi, Guido. “Camouflaging Consumption and Colonial Mimicry: The Materiality of an Eighteenth—and Nineteenth-Century Nipmuc Household.” International Journal of Historical Archaeology vol. 18 (2014): 146–174.

Pfeffer, Fabian T., Sheldon Danziger, and Robert F. Schoeni. “Wealth Disparities Before and After the Great Recession.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Society Science no. 650 (2013): 98–123.

Phillips-Fein, Kim. “Conservatism: A State of the Field.” Journal of American History vol. 98 no. 3 (December 2011): 723–742.

Piketty, Thomas. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2014.

Piketty, Thomas, and Emanuel Saez. “How Progressive is the U.S. Federal Tax System? A Historical and International Perspective.” Journal of Economic Perspectives vol. 21 no. 1 (Winter 2007): 3–24.

Piper, Jessica. “The Great Railroad Strike of 1877: A Catalyst for the American Labor Movement.” The History Teacher vol. 47 no. 1 (2013): 93–110.

Pishko, Jessica. “Locked Up for Being Poor.” The Atlantic, February 25, 2015, available online at, last accessed August 10, 2015.

Plotke, David. “The Endurance of New Deal Liberalism.” Studies in American Political Development vol. 10 no. 2 (1996): 415–420.

Pole, J.R. The Pursuit of Equality in American Society. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1978.

Porter, Patrick. “Source Material for Economic History: Records of the Bureau of Corporations.” Prologue vol. 2 no. 1 (1970): 31–33.

Postell, Joseph. “The Anti-New Deal Progressive: Roscoe Pound’s Alternative Administrative State.” Review of Politics vol. 74 (2012), 53–85.

Prasad, Monica. “The Popular Origins of Neoliberalism in the Reagan Tax Cut of 1981,” Journal of Policy History vol. 14 no. 3 (2012): 351–383.

Quadagno, Jill. The Color of Welfare. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Quadagno, Jill. “Race, Class and Gender in the U.S. Welfare State: Nixon’s Family Assistance Plan.” American Sociological Review vol. 55 no. 1 (Feb. 1990): 11–28.

Radical: In Continuation of the Workingman’s Advocate. New York, 1841.

Ransom, Roger. “Reconstructing Reconstruction: Options and Limitations to Federal Policies on Land Distribution in 1866–67” Civil War History vol. 51 no. 4 (2005): 364–377.

Rauschway, Eric. Blessed Among Nations. New York: Hill and Wang, 2006.

Rauschway, Eric. “The High Cost of Living in the Progressives’ Economy.” Journal of American History vol. 88 no. 3 (December 2001): 898–924.

Rawls, John. A Theory of Justice. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1971.

Rice, Isaac L. “Has Land a Value?” The North American Review, vol. 134 no. 307 (June 1882): 617–630.

Rockman, Seth. Scraping By: Wage Labor, Slavery, and Survival in Early Baltimore. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2009.

Rodgers, Daniel T. “Capitalism and Politics in the Progressive Era and in Ours.” Journal of the Gilded Age and Progressive Era vol. 13 no. 3 (June 2014): 379–386.

Role, Sunshine, and Jill Quadagno. “Depression and Alcohol Dependence Among Poor Women: Before and After Welfare Reform.” Social Science Review vol. 85 no. 2 (June 2011): 230–245.

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano. “State of the Union Address, January 11, 1944.” available online at, last accessed January 5, 2016.

Roosevelt, Theodore. “The New Nationalism.” Theodore Roosevelt Association Journal vol. 33 no. 1–3 (2012): 54–64.

Rosenof, Theodore. “Freedom, Planning, and Totalitarianism: The Reception of F.A. Hayek’s ‘The Road to Serfdom.’” Canadian Review of American Studies vol. 5 no. 2 (1974): 149–165.

Ross, B. Joyce. “Mary McLeod Bethune and the National Youth Administration: A Case Study of Power Relationships in the Black Cabinet of Franklin D. Roosevelt.” The Journal of Negro History vol. 60, no. 1 (Jan., 1975): 1–28.

Rossinow, Doug. “The Legend of Reagan the Peacemaker.” Raritan vol. 32 no. 3 (2013): 56–76.

Roth, Zachary. “Tea Party Congressman Suggests that Only Property Owners Should Vote.” MSNBC, May 21, 2014, at, last accessed October 1, 2014.

Roye, Christy. “Unleashing Leetso: A Labor History of Navajo Uranium.” M.A. Thesis, Department of History, New Mexico State University, 2010.

Royster, Jacqueline Jones, ed., Southern Horrors and Other Writings: The Anti-Lynching Campaign of Ida B. Wells, 1892–1900. New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 1997.

Rushdy, Ashraf H.A. American Lynching. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.

Sanson, Jerry P. “‘What he did and what he Promised to Do  . . .’ Huey Long and the Horizons of Louisiana Politics.” Louisiana History vol. 47 no. 3 (2006): 261–276.

Santa Clara County v. Southern Pacific Railroad Company 118 US 394 (1886).

Saunders, Paul J. “The GOP’s Identity Crisis” National Interest vol. 130 (March/April 2014): 9–19.

Savage, Ritchie. “From McCarthyism to the Tea Party: Interpreting Anti-Leftist Forms of US Populism in Comparative Perspective.” New Political Science vol. 34 no. 4 (December 2012): 564–584.

Schaefer, Richard J. “Reconsidering Harvest of Shame: The limitations of a broadcast journalism landmark.” Journalism History vol. 19 no. 4 (1994): 121–133.

Schiller, Bradley. “Who Are the Working Poor?” The Public Interest vol. 115 (Spring 1994): 61–71.

Schmitt, Edward R. “The Appalachian Thread in the Antipoverty Politics of Robert F. Kennedy.” Register of the Kentucky Historical Society vol. 107 no. 3 (Summer 2009): 371–400.

Schwantes, Carlos A. “Coxey’s Montana Navy: A Protest against Unemployment on the Wageworkers’ Frontier.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly vol. 73 no. 3 (1982): 98–107.

Schultz, Rima Lunin. “Jane Addams, Apotheosis of Social Christianity.” Church History vol. 84 no. 1 (March 2015): 207–219.

Scott, Daryl Michael. “The Politics of Pathology: The Ideological Origins of the Moynihan Controversy.” Journal of Policy History vol. 8 no. 1 (1996): 81–105.

Scott, Robert, and Steven Pressman. “Household Debt and Income Distribution.” Journal of Economic Issues vol. 47 no. 2 (June 2013): 323–331.

Sellers, Charles. The Market Revolution: Jacksonian America, 1815–1846. New York: Oxford University Press, 1994.

Semuels, Alana.“How Common is Child Labor in the US?” The Atlantic, December 15, 2014, available online at, last accessed December 18, 2015.

Shaffer, Robert. “Opposition to Internment: Defending Japanese American Rights during World War II.” Historian vol. 61 no. 3 (1999): 597–620.

Shammas, Carole. “A New Look at Long-Term Trends in Wealth Inequality in the United States.” American Historical Review vol. 98 no. 2 (April 1993): 412–431.

Shankman, Andrew. Crucible of American Democracy: The Struggle to Fuse Egalitarianism and Capitalism in Jeffersonian Pennsylvania. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 2004.

Shankman, Andrew ed. The World of the Revolutionary American Republic: Land, Labor and the Conflict for a Continent. New York: Routlege Press, 2014.

Shenton, James P. “The Coughlin Movement and the New Deal.” Political Science Quarterly vol. 73 no. 3 (September 1958): 352–373.

Sherman, Erik. “America is the richest, and most unequal, country.” Fortune, September 30, 2015, available online at, last accessed April 2, 2016.

Sherman, Jennifer. “Surviving the Great Recession: Growing Need and the Stigmatized Safety Net.” Social Problems vol. 60 no. 4 (2013): 409–432.

Shone, Steve J. “Cultural Relativism and the Savage: The Alleged Inconsistency of William Graham Sumner.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 63 no. 3 (July 2004): 697–715.

Sinclair, Upton. I, Governor of California, and How I Ended Poverty: A True Story of the Future. Los Angeles: Poverty League, 1933.

Skidmore, Thomas. The Rights of Man to Property! New York: The Author, 1829.

Sklansky, Jeff. “Pauperism and Poverty: Henry George, William Graham Sumner, and the Ideological Origins of Modern American Social Science.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences vol. 35 no. 2 (Spring 1999): 111–138.

Slaughter, Thomas. The Whiskey Rebellion: Frontier Epilogue to the American Revolution. New York: Oxford University Press, 1986.

Smiley, Gene. “A Note on New Estimates of the Distribution of Income in the 1920s.” Journal of Economic History vol. 60 no. 4 (2000): 1120–1128.

Smith, Ashley. “Obama Steps up Push for Free.” Inside Higher Ed, September 9, 2015, available online at, last accessed February 1, 2016.

Smith, Gene. The Shattered Dream: Herbert Hoover and the Great Depression. New York: William and Morrow, 1970.

Smith, Jason Scott. “New Deal Public Works at War: The WPA and Japanese American Internment.” Pacific Historical Review vol. 72 no. 1 (2003): 63–92.

Socolofsky, Homer E. “Jacob Coxey: Ohio’s Fairly Respectable Populist.” Kansas Quarterly vol. 1 no. 4 (1969): 62–75.

Soltow, Lee. “Inequality amidst Abundance: Land Ownership in Early Nineteenth-Century Ohio.” Ohio History vol. 88 no. 2 (1979): 133–151.

Spahr, Charles Barzillai. America’s Working People. London: Longmans Green, 1900.

Spahr, Charles Barzillai. An Essay on the Present Distribution of Wealth in the United States. New York: Johnson Reprint Corporation, 1970.

St. Pierre, Maurice A. “Reaganomics and Its Implications for African-American Family Life.” Journal of Black Studies vol. 21 no. 3 (Mar., 1991): 325–340.

Stansell, Christine. City of Women: Sex and Class in New York, 1789–1860. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1986.

Starr, Paul. Freedom’s Power: The True Force of Liberalism. New York: Basic Books, 2007.

Stearns, Monroe. Shays’ Rebellion. New York: Franklin Watts, 1968.

Stiglitz, Joseph. “The One Percent’s Problem,” Vanity Fair, June 2, 2012.

Stovall, Mary. “The Chicago Defender in the Progressive Era.” Illinois Historical Journal vol. 83 no. 3 (1990): 159–172.

Streitmatter, Roger. “Origins of the American Labor Press.” Journalism History vol. 25 no. 3 (1999): 99–106.

Suarez, Sandra L. “Symbolic Politics and the Regulation of Executive Compensation: A Comparison of the Great Depression and the Great Recession.” Politics and Society vol. 42 no. 1 (2014): 73–105.

Sugrue, Thomas. The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Tabb, William K. “The Crisis: A View from Occupied America.” Monthly Review vol. 64 no. 4 (2012): 15–21.

Taylor, Alan. “Unnatural Inequalities: Social and Environmental Histories.” Environmental History vol. 1, no. 4 (Oct. 1996): 6–19.

Taylor, Jason. “Cartel Code Attributes and Cartel Performance: An Industry‐Level Analysis of the National Industrial Recovery Act.” Journal of Law and Economy vol. 50 (2007): 597–622.

Temin, Peter. “The Great Recession and the Great Depression.” Daedalus vol. 4 no. 9 (2010): 115–30.

Terkel, Studs. Hard Times: An Oral History of the Great Depression. New York: New Press, 1986.

Tewell, Jeremy J. “A Difference of Complexion: George Fitzhugh and the Birth of the Republican Party.” Historian vol. 73 no. 2 (2011): 235–254.

Thompson, J. A. “The Age of ‘Reform’ in America.” Historical Journal vol. 19 no. 1 (1976): 257–274.

Thompson, Michael J. The Politics of Inequality. New York: Columbia University Press, 2007.

Thurow, Lester C. “The Political Economy of Income Redistribution Policies,” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science vol. 408 (1973): 146–155.

Tipple, John. Crisis of the American Dream: A History of American Social Thought, 1920–1940. New York: Pegasus Books, 1968.

Tindall, George Brown ed. A Populist Reader, Selections from the Works of American Populist Leaders. New York: Harper & Row, 1966.

Tobin, James. “The Case for an Income Guarantee.” The Public Interest vol. 4 (1966): 31–41.

Toll, William. “Free Men, Freedmen, and Race: Black Social Theory in the Gilded Age.” Journal of Southern History vol. 44 no. 4 (1978): 571–596.

Tomlins, Christopher L. Law, Labor and Ideology in the Early American Republic. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Torres-Spelliscy, Ciara. “The History of Corporate Personhood.” Brennan Center for Justice, April 7, 2014, available online at, last accessed April 7, 2016.

Torstensson, David. “Beyond the City: Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty in Rural America.” Journal of Policy History vol. 25 no. 4 (2013): 587–613.

Urofsky, Melvin I. “State Courts and Protective Legislation during the Progressive Era: A Reevaluation.” Journal of American History vol. 72 no. 1 (1985): 63–91.

Valocchi, Steve. “The Racial Basis of Capitalism and the State, and the Impact of the New Deal on African Americans.” Social Problems vol. 41 no. 3 (1994): 347–362.

Van Gelder, Sarah. This Changes Everything: Occupy Wall Street and the 99% Movement. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler, 2011.

Vela, Ramon G. “The Washington-DuBois Controversy and African-American Protest: Ideological Conflict and its Consequences.” Studies in American Political Development vol. 16 no. 1 (2002): 88–109.

Vernon, J. R. “World War II Fiscal Policies and the End of the Great Depression.” Journal of Economic History vol. 54 no. 4 (Dec. 1994): 850–868.

Versen, Christopher R. “What’s Wrong with a Little Social Darwinism (In Our Historiography)?” History Teacher vol. 42 no. 4 (August 2009): 403–423.

Vincent, Andrew. “Becoming Green.” Victorian Studies vol. 48 no. 3 (Spring 2006): 487–504.

Voeltz, Herman C. “Coxey’s Army in Oregon, 1894.” Oregon Historical Quarterly vol. 65 no. 3 (1964): 263–295.

Vogel, Richard D. “The NAFTA Corridors: Offshoring US Transportation Jobs to Mexico.” Monthly Review vol. 57 no. 9 (February 2006): 16–29.

Walker, Mark. Free Money for All. New York: Palgrave, 2015.

Walsh, Deirdre. “House Sends Obamacare Repeal Bill to White House.” CNN, available at, last accessed February 1, 2016.

Wanniski, Jude. “Taxes, Revenues and the Laffer Curve.” The Public Interest vol. 50 (1978): 3–16.

Warden, G. B. “Inequality and Instability in Eighteenth-Century Boston: A Reappraisal.” Journal of Interdisciplinary History vol. 6 no. 4 (1976): 585–620.

Washington Post. Washington, DC, 2015.

Way, Peter. Common Labor: Workers and the Digging of North American Canals, 1780–1860. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993.

Weidenbaum, Murray. “The Employment Act of 1946: A Half Century of Presidential Policymaking.” Presidential Studies Quarterly vol. 26 no. 3 (1996): 880–885.

Weir, Margaret. “States, Race, and the Decline of New Deal Liberalism.” Studies in American Political Development vol. 19 (2005): 157–172.

Weir, Robert E. “A Fragile Alliance: Henry George and the Knights of Labor.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology vol. 56 no. 4 (October 1997): 421–439.

Wells, Donald T. “Reaganomics: Micro-Perspectives and Macro-Effects.” Studies in the Social Sciences vol. 21 (1982): 53–71.

Western, Bruce, and Becky Pettit. “Black-White Wage Inequality, Employment Rates, and Incarceration.” American Journal of Sociology vol. 111 no. 2 (2005): 553–578.

Westwick, Peter J. “The International History of the Strategic Defense Initiative: American Influence and Economic Competition in the Late Cold War.” Centaurus vol. 52 (2010): 338–351.

Weyl, Walter. The New Democracy. New York: Harper and Row, 1964.

White, G. Edward. “Constitutional Change and the New Deal” The Internalist/Externalist Debate,” American Historical Review vol. 110 no. 4 (2005): 1095–1115.

White, Richard. Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 2011.

Widerquist, Karl. Independence, Propertylessness, and Basic Income: Freedom as the Power to Say No. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

Wilentz, Sean. “America’s Lost Egalitarian Tradition.” Daedalus vol. 131 no. 1 (2002): 66–80.

Wilentz, Sean. Chants Democratic. New York: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Wilentz, Sean, and Michael Merrill, The Key of Liberty: The Life and Democratic Writings of William Manning. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1993.

Williams, Joyce E., and Vicky M. Maclean. “In Search of the Kingdom: The Social Gospel, Settlement Sociology, and the Science of Reform in America’s Progressive Era.” Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences vol. 48 no. 4 (2012): 339–362.

Williams, Rhonda M.,  and William E. Spriggs. “How Does it Feel to be Free? Reflections on Black-White Economic Inequality in the Era of ‘Color Blind’ Law.” Review of Black Political Economy vol. 27 no. 1 (Summer 1999): 9–22.

Williams, Robert W. “Environmental Injustice in America and its Politics of Scale.” Political Geography vol. 18 no. 1 (1999): 49–73.

Williamson, Jeffrey, and Peter H. Lindert. American Inequality: A Macroeconomic History. New York: Academic Press, 1980.

Williamson, Jeffrey, and Peter H. Lindert. Three Centuries of American Inequality. Madison: Wisconsin University Institute on Research on Poverty, 1976.

Winsboro, Irvin D. W., and Moses Musoke. “Lead Us Not Into Temptation: Race, Rhetoric and Reality in Southern Populism.” Historian vol. 65 no. 6 (2003): 1354–1374.

Wright, R. George. “The High Cost of Rawls’s Inegalitarianism.” Western Political Quarterly vol. 3 no. 1 (1977): 73–79.

Wolfe, Margaret Ripley. “Lifting Up His Eyes unto the Hills: Harry M. Caudill and his Appalachia.” Filson History Quarterly vol. 76 no. 1 (2002): 1–32.

Wolfe, Patrick. “Race and Citizenship.” OAH Magazine of History vol. 18 no. 5 (October 2004): 66–71.

Wolff, Edward Nathan. “Recent Trends in Household Wealth, 1983–2006: The Irresistible Rise of Household Debt.” Review of Economics and Institutions vol. 2 no. 1 (Winter 2001): 1–31.

Wolters, Raymond. “Section 7a and the Black Worker.” Labor History vol. 10 no. 3 (1969): 459–474.

Wood, Gordon. The Radicalism of the American Revolution. New York: Vintage Books, 1991.

Wood, Kirsten E. “Broken Reeds and Competent Farmers: Slaveholding Widows in the Southeastern United States, 1783–1861.” Journal of Women’s History vol. 13 no. 2 (2001): 34–57.

Workingman’s Advocate. New York, 1830.

Yalung-Matthews, Don. “Business Perspectives on the Full Employment Bill of 1945 and Passage of the Employment Act of 1946.” Essays in Economic and Business History vol. 8 (1990): 331–342.

Young, Alfred F., ed. Beyond the American Revolution. DeKalb: Northern Indiana University Press, 1993.

Young, Alfred F. The Shoemaker and the Tea Party: Memory and the American Revolution. New York: Beacon Press, 2000.

Zimmerman, Tom. “Ham and Eggs, Everybody!” Southern California Quarterly vol. 62 no. 1 (1980): 77–96.